“Who is responsible for pollution, who use, who is responsible for”, in accordance with the “Measures” provides that the Shanghai business land and industrial land to “full life cycle management, according to the stage of monitoring the implementation of the principle of land reserve, (Including the land reserve institution) shall organize the completion of soil environmental investigation and assessment, and apply to the environmental protection department. If it is determined that there is pollution and needs to be repaired, it shall bear the responsibility and expenses for the remediation of soil environment so as to meet environmental protection requirements.
Explore the “full life cycle” of the road
As early as 2014, Shanghai began to industrial land “full life cycle” management.
Shanghai Municipal Planning Bureau of Land and Resources at the time requirements, to the new supply of industrial land industry projects, industrial land standard plant class, R & D headquarters industrial projects, research and development headquarters general class are included in the whole life cycle management, the project construction investment, production Environmental protection, employment and other factors into the contract management, in order to achieve land use management systematization, meticulous, dynamic, and promote the sustainable development of the city.
For example, one of the “land transferee by the start, completion, commissioning time to pay performance bond”, industry analysts believe that this provision can better supervise the assignee to develop and construct as soon as possible to promote the project put into production landing, Resource utilization efficiency.
Shanghai was also established industrial land use performance evaluation system, respectively, in the production stage, up to the third year after production and the next every 3 years, one year before the expiry of the transfer period and other stages of the shanghai escort performance of enterprises such as land use performance Assessment, the results will directly determine whether the enterprise can continue to use land. It is noteworthy that, in the “full life-cycle” management of industrial land, Shanghai has put forward the principle of “polluter pays”, which requires the transfer of industrial land use right, the land before and periodic assessment, Groundwater geological environmental quality testing, causing environmental pollution should be responsible for repair.
One year after the implementation of the whole life-cycle management of industrial land, Shanghai issued “Several Provisions on Strengthening the Management of Land for Business Land Use in the Municipality (Trial)”.
According to the “Regulations”, business, office, commercial housing and other business land is also the implementation of the whole life cycle management, project construction, functional realization, operation and management, energy saving and environmental protection and other economic, social and environmental elements into the contract management, land use management Systematic, refined, dynamic.
For example, the “regulations” that the transfer should be based on the control of detailed planning to determine the land transfer of land use, mixed with the proportion of building volume, floor area ratio, building height, residential units, public space and other transfer conditions, such as a clear society Parking, community public service facilities, property buildings and other public facilities construction requirements.
This regulation also introduces the principle of “who pollutes, who governs” and emphasizes that after the land is sold, if the pollution occurs during the use, it should bear the related expenses of investigation and evaluation of the geological environment of soil and groundwater.
This year, after the introduction of new management methods, after three years of exploration, Shanghai environmental protection, soil and soil two departments make concerted efforts to truly achieve the industrial land and operating land full coverage, all elements, the whole process of life cycle management.
Shanghai Land Bureau officials said that at present, Shanghai land resources is extremely scarce. The implementation of the whole life-cycle management of land is conducive to soil pollution from the source to improve the efficiency of land use, to promote all types of enterprises to attach importance to land resources, and promote the birth of the city’s outstanding buildings, protection and continuity, enhance the overall urban construction quality and service management functions.
Environmental protection, soil regulation together grasping
The whole life cycle management of soil environment, is to improve the quality and efficiency of land use for the purpose of land transfer contract as a platform for the use of the project within the land use period to implement the whole process of dynamic assessment and supervision.
Shanghai introduced the management approach, the integration of Environmental Protection Agency, Planning and Land Resources Authority is responsible for two functional departments. “Measures” provides that the Shanghai Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau is responsible for the development and improvement of operational land and industrial land life cycle management of soil environmental protection management system and standards, strengthen the site environment assessment expert database management, and soil environmental investigation and evaluation, Unit management.
The new “approach” will be the land bank, renewal and recovery of classified management. For example, the “approach” that the reserves required for the management of industrial land and industrial land, the original land use rights should be organized to carry out soil environmental investigation and assessment, and the investigation and assessment materials submitted to the local (county) Environmental Protection Agency, the environmental protection department Where there is pollution and needs to be managed and repaired, the land use right person shall organize the implementation of restoration and meet the environmental protection requirements. The original land-use right may, in consultation with the land reserve institution, determine that the land bank is responsible for the implementation of the soil environmental investigation and assessment and remediation work, and the relevant liability and obligations in the purchasing and storage compensation agreement shall be clarified, and the related expenses shall be deducted from the purchasing and storage compensation fund. Shoufu compensation agreement agreed by the land reserve agency is responsible for carrying out soil environmental investigation and evaluation and rehabilitation work, the associated costs can be included in the cost of land reserves.
In addition, the “approach” also requires environmental protection departments should strengthen the routine inspection of soil environment, strengthen industrial enterprises environmental regulation, to prevent soil pollution. The results of land survey, assessment, rehabilitation and rehabilitation of land reserve, transfer, recovery and renewal can be used as one of the evaluation criteria for environmental impact of construction projects.
Construction of dynamic monitoring network
Land use is a dynamic process. To have a clear understanding of land use and soil conditions in the whole life-cycle management, a dynamic monitoring network is needed to capture the relevant data in real time.
This reporter has learned that, at present, Shanghai soil environmental monitoring network has been initially formed, and in improving. The whole of Shanghai is divided into nearly 7000 area of 1 square kilometers of grid, each grid is equipped with a monitoring point, to the soil “medical examination”.
Among them, soil pollution control has become the focus of ecological and environmental monitoring. At present, the Shanghai soil environmental monitoring network has covered the city’s various land types. Monitoring indicators include 54 inorganic indicators, and plans to increase the organic PAHs, organochlorine pesticides and other organic indicators, according to the frequency of once every four years, the implementation of the monitoring of the city-wide coverage.
Shanghai Geological Survey and Research Institute, the person in charge, covering the whole city-wide groundwater environmental monitoring network is also planned to be completed in 2018, in order to monitor the status of shallow groundwater for long-term monitoring, ecological protection and even urban security escort.
Shanghai Municipal Planning Bureau official said that they will work closely with the Shanghai Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau, the Shanghai Municipal Commission of Agriculture and other departments to integrate and improve the city’s soil and groundwater environmental monitoring network, forming the city’s unified monitoring network, unified standards, unified information Sharing platform, a unified implementation of the policy system. ” In addition, in order to strengthen the soil environmental protection, Shanghai will also establish the soil and groundwater environmental quality files, soil and groundwater environmental quality indicators, will also be incorporated into the protection of cultivated land content.
Shanghai Municipal People’s Political Consultative Conference member Cuihai Ling said that the environmental monitoring system has set the framework, which find out the environmental protection “family property” very helpful, then to focus on strengthening the analysis of monitoring data, “through scientific research on the data to understand the problem, Conducive to finding a solution to the problem. “